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Kalari Payattu


PREFACE:- Dhanurveda ( Knowledge of Ancient Indian Science of Warfare) describes Kalarippayattu as one of the oldest living traditions of martial art training in the world and its motherhood is Kerala, a Southern state of India. The term Kalarippayuattu is a ‘Tatpursha’ compound form. The word Kalari means school gymnasium and payattu means fight or exercise. The word Kalari is signifying the training premises originated from the Sanskrit term ‘KALOORIKA’ which means military training parade.

EVOLUTION:- Legends and ancient manuscripts define that the Sage Warrior Parsurama, the 6th incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu is called the 1st Guru of Kalarippayattu. It is believed that Parasurama taught this martial art to his 21 disciples in order to defend the land and to maintain peace and law.


Kalarippayattu was originated as early as 04th century AD. Vaddakkan pattukul (northern ballads) describe that Kalarippayattu was an integral part of the medieval Kerala society, and could not have imagined a village without a Kalari led by a known Teacher or Gurukkal. Available archeological evidences from Kerala and the writings of colonial historians show that Kalarippayattu was also widely popular in Kerala transcending gender, caste or communal lines, as it played a vital role in the education of the youth and the training of a warrior.
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